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01 May 2021
Healthy gums vs unhealthy gums

Healthy gums should be firm and a light shade of pink, although they may contain other pigments depending on your ethnic origin. When your gums are unhealthy, it will often lead to swelling, soreness or infection of the tissues supporting the teeth. This is called gum disease.

Most people suffer from some form of gum disease. However, as the disease develops very slowly in most people, it can be slowed down to a rate that can be easily managed.

All gum disease is caused by plaque. Plaque is a film of bacteria which forms on the surface of the teeth every day. Many of the bacteria in plaque are completely harmless, but there are some that have been shown to be the main cause of gum disease. To prevent and treat gum disease, you need to make sure you remove all the plaque from your teeth every day.

The 5 signs of unhealthy gums

There are a number of key symptoms for gum disease. Some signs can mean your gum disease is in its early stages while others mean your gum disease is more advanced.

1 Bleeding gums Healthy gums don’t bleed, so if you see blood as you brush, this can be a sign of gum disease. Be proactive and visit us as soon as possible.

2 Swollen gums Swollen, or inflamed, gums can appear red and puffy and could be an early sign of gum disease. It happens when plaque builds up on, around or in between the teeth.

3 Receding gums Receding gums occur when your gums draw back from your teeth – left untreated this could expose the root beneath. One of the first signs of this is tooth sensitivity.

4 Bad breath Bad breath – or halitosis – happens as plaque breaks down pieces of food in your mouth. The bacteria that is released may give off unpleasant smelling gas.

5 Loose teeth Tooth loss can be caused by one of the most severe forms of gum disease, called periodontitis. Periodontitis is an infection of the tissues, ligaments and bones that surround and support your teeth.

If you notice any of the symptoms above, it is important that you make an appointment at the practice as soon as possible. Like with any condition, the sooner you can get it diagnosed, the more effective treatment will be – and the less impact it will have on the quality of your life.

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